Saviors and survivors, Darfur, politics, and the war on terror
Date de publication

Saviors and survivors

Darfur, politics, and the war on terror



  • AideEAN13 : 9782869789821
    • Fichier EPUB, avec Marquage en filigrane
In Saviors and Survivors, Mahmood Mamdani explains how the conflict in Darfur
began as a civil war (1987-89) between nomadic and peasant tribes over fertile
land in the south, triggered by a severe drought that had expanded the Sahara
Desert by more than sixty miles in forty years; how British colonial officials
had artificially tribalized Darfur, dividing its population into « native »
and « settler » tribes and-creating homelands for the former at the expense of
the latter; how the war intensified in the 1990s when the Sudanese government
tried unsuccessfully to address the problem by creating homelands for tribes
without any. The involvement of opposition parties gave rise in 2003 to two
rebel movements, leading to a brutal insurgency and a horrific
counterinsurgency - but not to genocide, as the West has declared. Mamdani
also explains how the Cold War exacerbated the twenty-year civil war in
neighboring Chad, creating a confrontation between Libya's Muammar al-Qaddafi
(with Soviet support) and the Reagan administration (allied with France and
Israel) that spilled over into Darfur and militarized the fighting. By 2003,
the war involved national, regional and global forces, including the powerful
Western lobby, who now saw it as part of the War on Terror and called for a
military invasion dressed up as « humanitarian intervention. » « Mamdani
traces the path to the Darfur tragedy through its historical and colonial
roots to the current situation, where drought and desertification have led to
conflict over land among local tribes, rebellion, and finally to the brutal
involvement of the forces of the state and to the efforts of the United
Nations and others to help the victims and stop the violence. His radical
réévaluation of the Darfur problem is a major contribution to understanding
and, it is to be hoped, to ending a shocking human disaster. » - Sir Brian
Urquhart Former Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations « There are
three reasons why this book's perspective on the Sudan-Darfur conflict may be
of considerable value to readers interested in African politics and
international relations. First, Saviors and Survivors is unique in that it
presents an African-centered perspective on the Sudan-Darfur crisis in the
context of the study of international relations, geopolitics and the War on
Terror. Second, it draws attention to African regional, epistemological and
ideological perspectives on the crisis. Third, it tackles the bogeyman of
African politics-the national-ethnic question in the context of cultural
pluralism... Hidden in the middle of Saviors and Survivors' controversial
thesis critiquing international interventionism is Mamdani s scholarly genius.
The book scrutinizes, critically analyzes, deconstructs and reconstructs the
deep historical transformations that constitute the underbelly of the
continents post-colonial citizenship structures. »
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